The advances in some areas of the human brain sciences and the possible threats for the future became apparent to Ellen M. McGee and Gerald Q. Maguire already in 1999. They talked about ear- and eye implants but also about more advanced implants and sensors in the environment able to spy on the human being and to control behavior and the human mind. The same ethical questions arising then are still very important today.
In 2005, The European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies (EGE), presented an opinion (nr. 20), on ICT implants to the European Commission. ICT stands for Information and Communication Technologies, meaning that the implants in the human body can be used as a way to send information and communicate with the outside world.